"Fake Climate Science" vs "Real Science"
Can true climate science even exist in a world dominated by philosophical, political, religious and personal bias?
While reading a book review of A Cold Welcome, an historical account of the Little Ice Age and its devastating impact on the early American colonists, I was saddened to find the article typically tainted by the author's Philosophical Bias as revealed in her final summation:
"But while the Europeans who traveled to North America in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were not responsible for the Little Ice Age,
today the responsibility for the global climate lies largely with humanity."
Without empirical proof, her conclusion is simply based on her personal bias.
Philosophical bias is the one bias that science cannot avoid
Scientists seek to eliminate all forms of bias from their research. However, all scientists also make assumptions of a non-empirical nature about topics such as causality, determinism and reductionism when conducting research. Here, we argue that since these 'philosophical biases' cannot be avoided, they need to be debated critically by scientists and philosophers of science.
Basic philosophical assumptions count as biases because they skew the development of hypotheses, the design of experiments, the evaluation of evidence, and the interpretation of results in specific directions. In our own research, we look at biases related to ontological, epistemological and normative assumptions about causality, probability and complexity. To give an example related to causality: when choosing a scientific method to establish a causal relationship between some medical condition and a virus, one must first have an idea of what causality is. This is a part of science that cannot be discovered empirically, but remains tacitly assumed in scientific methodology and practice.
The New York Review of Books,
"In his deeply researched and exciting new book, A Cold Welcome, the historian Sam White focuses on the true stories of the English, Spanish, and French colonial expeditions in North America. He tells strange and surprising tales of drought, famine, bitterly cold winters, desperation, and death, while anchoring his research in the methods and results of the science of climate change and historical climatology."
Galileo also had to fight the Flat Earth bias of his day.
Supposedly, even today, to million, the Earth is still flat!
Edited by Rogerdodger, Yesterday, 11:52 AM.